Do you still use AUTO on your cool camera?

Many of you have DSLR cameras which offer you a huge variety of settings to improve your photos… But many of people still using Auto mode, which put them into the frames of creating images with red eyes, lack of light, etc. First of all I would advise you to read the manual. Believe me, it really helps) I`m saying this to everyone who attand my workshops on how to use the camera)
Here I`m sharing with you the basics of your DSLR camera with some examples, which can help you to make better pictures.
Shooting modes
The best place to start is with shooting modes.  The shooting modes will most likely be found on a dial labelled with ‘auto, Av, Tv, P, M’ and maybe more.  Selecting a shooting mode will determine how your camera behaves when you press the shutter, for example, when ‘auto’ is selected, the camera will determine everything to do with the exposure, including the aperture and shutter speed.  The other modes, ‘Av, Tv, P, M’, are there to give you control:
edamostudios_111028_img_0294_1200x1200Keep in mind, that different manufacturers use different abbreviations for the shooting modes.  Your mode dial may have the letters ‘A, S, P, M’ (instead of Av, Tv, P, M), yet they all function in the same way.  Below, there is a Canon camera.
Aperture Priority (Av or A)
Aperture priority can be thought of as a ‘semi-automatic’ shooting mode.  When this is selected, you as the photographer set the aperture and the camera will automatically select the shutter speed.  So what is aperture and when would you want to control it?
The aperture is the size of the opening in the lens through which light is allowed to pass whenever the shutter is opened – the larger the aperture, the more light passes through.
The aperture is measured in ‘f-stops’ and is usually displayed using an ‘f-number’, e.g. f/2.0, f/2.8, f/4.0, f/5.6, f/8.0 etc, which is a ratio of focal length over diameter of the opening.  Therefore, a larger aperture (a wider opening) has a smaller f-number (e.g. f/2.0) and smaller aperture (a narrower opening) has a larger f-number (e.g. f/22).  Reducing the aperture by one whole f-stop, e.g. f/2.0 to f2/8 or f/5.6 to f/8.0, halves the amount of light entering the camera.
aperture-scheme
Aperture is one of the most important aspects of photography as it directly influences the depth of field – that is, the amount of an image that is in focus.  A large depth of field (achieved by using a small aperture (large f-number)) would mean that a large distance within the scene is in focus, such as the foreground to the background of the landscape below.
For Example: The picture was taken with f/22
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
Whereas a shallow depth of field (achieved by using a large aperture (small f-number)) would produce an image where only the subject is in sharp focus, but the background is soft and out of focus.  This is often used when shooting portraiture or wildlife, such as the image below, to isolate the subject from the background:
And this one was taken with f/3,5
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
So when using aperture priority, you can get complete control over your depth of field, whilst the camera takes care of the rest.
Shutter Priority (Tv or S)
Similarly to aperture priority, this is another ‘semi-automatic’ shooting mode, though in this instance, you as the photographer set the shutter speed and the camera will take care of the aperture.  The shutter speed, measured in seconds (or more often fractions of a second), is the amount of time the shutter stays open when taking a photograph.  The longer the shutter stays open, the more light passes through to the sensor to be captured.
You would select a short shutter speed if you wanted to freeze a fast moving subject, such as shooting sports, action or wildlife, for example:
DSC_0050_1
Fountain
You would use a long shutter speed if you wanted to blur a moving subject, for example water rushing over a waterfall (slower shutter speeds will require you to put the camera on a tripod to ensure the camera is held steady whilst the shutter is open):
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
So whilst you worry about what shutter speed you need for a given photograph, the camera will determine the appropriate aperture required to give the correct exposure.
Aperture and shutter priority shooting modes may be semi-automatic, meaning that some may deride their use because they’re not fully manual, however they are incredibly useful modes to shoot in that can give you enough creative control to capture scenes as you envisage them.
Program (P)
Program mode is almost a halfway house between the semi automatic modes of aperture/shutter priority and full manual control.  In program mode, you are able to set either the aperture or shutter speed, and the camera will maintain the correct exposure by adjusting the other one accordingly, i.e. as you change the aperture, the shutter speed will automatically change, and vice versa.  This gives you additional freedom that using either aperture priority or shutter priority cannot give without switching between shooting modes.
Manual (M)
Manual mode is exactly what it sounds like, you are given full control over the exposure determination, setting both the aperture and shutter speed yourself.  There will be an exposure indicator either within the viewfinder or on the screen that will tell you how under/over exposed the image will be, however, you are left to change the shutter speed and aperture yourself to ensure you achieve the correct exposure.
DSC_1008(2)_1
B&W
So if you will check all of the modes which your camera offers you to use, you can find more better way to shoot photos. You can use your creativity, capture emotions, play with the light and produce way more beautiful images. Do you have plans for this weekend? Why not to try working with your camera;)
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11 thoughts on “Do you still use AUTO on your cool camera?

  1. DSLR on auto mode is useless! People using auto mode should switch to compact zooms
    The whole idea of DSLR is having greater control over the scene. but I guess lot’s of people buy DSLR thinking it’ll give them great pictures without actually thinking about it’s requirements !great write up lidiia!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Completely agree with you. And I believe that talented person could do great images with a compact camera) So DSLR camera – is not something which will make the pictures stronger.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. True. You put it bang on!
        I believe Composition is the most important aspect followed by the light. If your basics are right, good picture will follow automatically !

        Like

  2. What you state is like the setting of the old camera I had in the past . We could adjust the opening of the lens , the speed of the shutter according the light , the distance . etc.It was the time of black an d white . With the automatic cameras we have lost many competences .
    Love ❤
    Michel

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you for sharing. Actually, two years ago, I`ve bought a film camera and still trying to learn how to make incredible pictures with it. Those film images have some magic for sure.

      Like

    1. Thank you for reading) Sometimes I can do good images with iPhone, but when it comes to printing it is quite hard to print a good quality images with cellphone photos.

      Like

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